Statice or Limonium: characteristics and cultivation

Statice or Limonium: characteristics and cultivation

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Also called Limonium, then we will find out why, it Statice it is a plant that we often find in gardens as well as balconies. It is able, at the right moment, to dye both of them lilac, with its flowers. Let's find out the characteristics of this herbaceous plant that we can also find in the form of dried flowers, in particularly artistic compositions.

Statice: characteristics

Belonging to the Plumbaginaceae family, lo Statice it is a plant that offers many varieties, some more widespread than others. The sinuatum variety, for example, is the one destined in most cases for ornamental purposes because with its flowers of a very strong and deep purple, it is perfect both for flower beds and gardens, and for compositions of dried flowers to be placed in the interior. One of the nicknames of this plant is "Paper flower", seeing the image you can imagine why. Another interesting variety is the "Strictissimum" because at risk of extinction, given that in recent years the climate and its natural habitat, the Mediterranean area, is also changing due to drought, landslides and human activities. It is no coincidence that today some varieties of this botanical species are included in the list of 50 critically endangered species.

The areas where the Statice grows spontaneously, in addition to the Mediterranean area, are Central Asia and the Canary Islands, and it is also endemic to islands such as Sardinia and Corsica where it grows especially near the coasts, where it can breathe the sea air. In basically sandy soils.

Statice: flower

The Statice flower is very popular in all its varieties. From time to time it can show off different shades but remains a valuable flower. In some cases it is called sea lavender because of the lilac color of its inflorescences.

This is not about flowers big dimensions but small, which we find, albeit more rarely, also in white, yellow and pink. The flowers appear in the summer and are renewed in a cycle until the end of autumn.

Just severed, the Statice flower it can be used to decorate brides' bouquets while if you have the patience to let it dry, they can also be inserted into dried flower compositions in which they give a touch of elegance. In order to obtain the dried flowers, we must wait until the flowers have not yet fully opened and cut them off and then hang them in bunches with the head down in a shady and airy place.

When giving a Statice it is good to know that this flower is associated with the concept of eternal love and beauty.

Statice: cultivation

Whether you keep it in the garden or want to grow it indoors, the Limonium it proves to be an easy plant to grow and gives satisfactions. It is not necessary to be an expert in botany to keep it and its flowers offer us the opportunity to give bouquets or learn how to compose bouquets with dried flowers, if we do not already know how to do it.

We choose for it Statice a position in which it is reached by a lot of sun and a lot of light, the soil must be sandy, basically, and not too fertile but the main thing to check is that it is a well-drained and dry soil.

With watering, it is better not to abound, just check that the soil is always humid, the rest of the months in which to be careful are the driest and driest ones. When the environment and the ground are too humid, Statice gets sick, becomes easy prey for attacks of fungal diseases such as gray mold or botrytis and can also show root rot and the appearance of rust due to excessive water stagnation.

Statice: where it grows

We have mentioned that this plant loves being near the sea, let's go and explore its places better. Thanks to its excellent adaptability, the Limonium it is present in almost all continents but not uniformly because there are some countries whose climate is more favorable to its growth. We find most of the specimens on the Canary Islands, in the countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea and Central Asia. We find it above all near the sea because it prefers the soil rich in salt.

In the case of Limonium bellidifolium, this feature is taken to the extreme because this variety grows in brackish marshes, on beaches that are periodically flooded by the tide or in areas that are characterized by saline soils, rich in chalk or strongly alkaline.

If we take a closer look at which areas of our country this plant grows, which is home to about 80 species, we discover that most of them have a very limited diffusion, at regional range. There are 18 species present in more than one region. Also in Italy, as in the rest of the world, we find the Statiche near the coasts and never more than 10 meters above sea level. There are exceptions, to which nature always gets us used to. In this case, they are represented by those species that penetrate inland, at low altitudes, such as the Sardinian ones that grow even at 1000 meters above sea level.

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