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How to grow a vegetable garden. To start, the easiest vegetables to grow, from sowing to managing flowerbeds. Traditional or raised garden. Tips for those who want to grow a vegetable garden on the terrace or balcony.
Cultivate a vegetable garden it is an easy and rewarding activity, it is both a hobby and an excellent source of food. It is a popular pastime that will not only save on food purchases but also offers an opportunity to eat healthily, nature and really biological.
Too many people don't consume enough vegetables, set up a vegetable garden could fight this problem. Cultivate a vegetable garden it is a way to ensure savings and well-being by inducing your family to take the amount of vegetables request. Agriculture is an activity that keeps you in close contact with nature, allows you to burn calories and cultivate great satisfaction. On this page we will see some tips for start a vegetable garden from scratch,at home or in the garden.
How to grow a vegetable garden in the garden, on the terrace or balcony
The first thing to do is to find a space to set up ours vegetable garden. The chosen space must be suitable for growing vegetables and greens, it is therefore important that there is a sufficient amount of sunlight, the ideal would be an area with a daily exposure of about 6-8 hours, even if it is an indicative figure as the need for light varies according to the region of residence. The more the location is optimal, the more the garden will have the chance to flourish!
It doesn't matter if you mean cultivate a vegetable gardenin the open field, on the terrace or balcony, the main ingredients for cultivate a vegetable garden I'm:
- little wind,
- soil that does not allow water stagnation
- good quality seeds.
Cultivating a vegetable garden: seeds and sowing
Regarding the seeds, these must be purchased from a trusted nursery. If you buy them in a supermarket, check the deposit date and not the "expiration" date; seeds rarely have an expiration date but it must be said that if they are very old, they will hardly give life to good quality plants.
Once you have purchased the seeds, you can make them sprout between damp paper napkins or placing them, together with some wet cotton wool, in the classic cardboard boxes for eggs. There are some vegetables that must be sown by broadcasting, in this case a preliminary germination will not be necessary: the seeds can be "scattered" on the cultivation soil. In addition, if the weather permits and the temperatures are optimal for that particular cultivar, it will be possible to sow in the open field by spacing the seeds as required for the planting of adult plants. In summary, when it comes to thesowing of the vegetable garden, you have three main possibilities:
- sowing in rows
- sowing in holes
For all information about the depth at which to bury the seeds, the sowing methods listed above, we refer you to the article“How to sow in the open ground or in a seedbed”.
Sowing and vegetable garden in pots
Even those who cultivate the vegetable garden in pots (on the balcony or terrace), can choose between the different sowing methods. It does not necessarily have to go through cellular containers and indoor sowing. If the containers are sufficiently large (such as rectangular planters), it can even broadcast seed!
Broadcasting is well suited to rocket, baby lettuce, parsley and many herbs.
Cultivating the vegetable garden: the soil
L'vegetable garden it can be started both on the terrace and in the garden, both in open fields and in pots. In any case, it is recommended to use del enriched soil with compost. As an alternative to compost, artificial fertilizers could be used even if, with the composting strategy, a large part of the waste produced in the kitchen could be disposed of.
Vegetable garden in the garden: how to make the soil fertile
Soil management is profoundly different between those who cultivate the vegetable garden in pots and those who do it in the garden. In the open field, preliminary soil preparation work will be required, especially if that soil has never been used for vegetable garden cultivation or has even been trodden on for a long time and therefore rich in hard clods. In these circumstances you will have to arm yourself with a hoe (or motor hoe) and follow our guide dedicated toHow to make soil fertile.
Vegetable garden in pot, loam
To start, choose a universal soft soil. Unlike the cultivation of ornamental plants, the cultivation of a vegetable garden in pot is seasonal, so you will not need to repot. To start, buy very large pots directly or take advantage of caissons with drainage holes. To grow a vegetable garden at home (on the balcony or terrace) you have to pay close attention to the irrigation water, you risk excessively alkalizing the soil using that from the tap, so organize yourself with rainwater to collect in basins.
How to grow a vegetable garden: potatoes, garlic and onions
If you have bought potatoes from the gardener and have kept them at home for too long without consuming them, you will no doubt have noticed the formation of small protrusions. Those pesky nubs represent sprouts. At this point do not throw away the potatoes but cut them with a knife, get small pieces without damaging the sprouts.
The fragments of potatoes, thus obtained, represent the beginning of yours vegetable garden. Place them in the fertile soil to a depth of at least 5 cm. Potatoes, depending on the climate of their territory, can be planted from January to March.
Like potatoes, garlic cloves with a green shoot can also be buried and cultivated; same goes for onions. In this way you will obtain plants ready to grow at no cost.
How to grow a vegetable garden from scratch, tips for beginners
Those who have little time available, or have never even looked after a succulent plant, will be able to start a vegetable garden from scratch by starting to grow those vegetables that require little attention. In particular, you can start with:
- Tubers such as carrots, potatoes, garlic, onions, radishes ...
- Leafy vegetables such as rocket, lettuce, escarole, chicory ...
- Aromatic plants such as basil, rosemary, oregano ...
- Tomatoes, aubergines and peppers.
- Artichokes, beans, fennel ...
- Celery, watermelon, melon ...
The indications for growing these vegetables are contained in the pageEasy to grow vegetables, we advise you to start from here for bothvegetable garden in the gardenboth for cultivate a potted vegetable garden.
When to start a vegetable garden
The best time to start a vegetable garden is from late spring to early summer, in fact, with higher temperatures, it is possible tosowing in the open fieldand have better germination times…. however, it is always the best time to start a vegetable garden as there are cultivars that prefer lower temperatures. So, to answer the original question,when to start growing a vegetable garden?The answer is… Now! Here are some guides that may be useful for you to understand which vegetables to start with and which vegetables to grow in the garden month by month.
- What to sow in January
- What to sow in March
- What to sow in April
- What to sow in May
- What to grow in June
- July jobs in the garden
- Work in the garden in August
- What to grow in September
- What to grow in October
- What to grow in December
How to make a raised vegetable garden
L'raised gardenit consists of a small piece of land placed higher than the ground level so that it can function almost in the same way as a greenhouse. With a raised culture bed it is estimated that yields can be obtained even three or four times higher than those obtained with the traditional vegetable garden. To find out how to make a raised vegetable garden, the advantages and methods of preparing the seedbed, we invite you to consult the pageHow to prepare a raised garden.
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