Dwarf orchid, all the info

Dwarf orchid, all the info

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Dwarf orchid: how to cure itand tips for growing mini orchids. What to do if the orchid does not bloom.

Types of orchids and dwarf orchid

On the market we find a large number of varieties derived from different species. It is really difficult to list the types of orchids that we can grow at home. The family of Orchidaceae, in fact, has several genera, each with a good number of species and from each species, botanists have obtained particular hybrids and varieties. The orchids that most fascinate are thegiant orchidsand thedwarf orchids. The genus Pleione includes about 25 species, all of Asian origin (China, Northern India, Nepal and Tibet). In particular, Pleione formosana is a hybrid obtained by crossing P. x Versailles and P. x speciosa. This is how thedwarf orchid, that is, an orchid that reaches a height of between 10 and 18 cm.

Due to its size, this plant is often calledmini orchid. The names dwarf orchid and mini orchid refer to the same hybrid.

L'dwarf orchiddespite its small size, it offers quite showy flowers: it can produce up to two flowers for each stem.

The flowers can have different shades: from pink to purple, but also ivory white. The flowers may have a very pronounced lip with a white fringed background and yellow and red dots.

Thedwarf orchidsare characterized by afloweringlong-lived that is appreciated at home. After the flowers develop the leaves which have a light green color, marked veins and an elongated and narrow shape.

Dwarf orchid: cultivation

How to grow the dwarf orchid? Just follow the instructions seen in the previous articles dedicated to others types of orchids:

  • how to care for orchids
  • how to repot orchids
  • orchid in the house

In this article we will try to give you more specific advice oncultivation of the dwarf orchid at home, even if thecarethey do not change because it is a hybrid derived from related species for needs.

Where to grow the dwarf orchid?
The ideal location in the house is a bright place but not close to the windows: the orchid wants a lot of light but not direct sun.

As temperatures rise, the pots should be moved to shady areas of the house. At any time of the year, the orchid must be kept in well-ventilated places: it needs constant air changes. In summer it can be kept on landings, in the flight of stairs ... keep in mind that, during the vegetative rest, the plant can be moved to a cool place with temperatures of about 4 - 5 ° C.

Warning! These temperatures are only ideal when the plant is dormant!

Dwarf orchid: vegetative rest

Vegetative rest begins when the leaves turn yellow and wither. The dwarf orchid Pleione formosa does not want irrigation when it is at rest. At this stage of her life, you can move her to a less bright place.

Orchid with spots on the leaves

If brownish spots appear on the leaves, it means that you are watering too much, so reduce the frequency and abundance of watering and move the plant to a well-ventilated place.

Dwarf orchid: how to cure it

L'mini orchidit is appreciated for its small size.

For irrigation,it just wants rainwater. Absolutely to avoid irrigation with tap water (too calcareous), if you have difficulty in finding rainwater, use distilled water.

From May until September, thedwarf orchidmust be irrigated more conspicuously: you will have to increase the nebulizations! Orchids should not be irrigated with rain but with direct nebulizations on the air system. Only in case of drought (in summer) will it be necessary to wet the substrate as well.

Thejarideal forcultivate the dwarf orchidit is small (a diameter of 10 - 15 cm is enough). The planting, the repotting or the renewal of the substrate, are carried out between April and May.

Keep in mind that, in nature, the species from which thedwarf orchidthey grow on humus-covered rock ledges, on tree barks or highly draining substrates. For this reason you will need to use a specific substrate for orchids.

If you don't want to buy a specific substrate for orchids, you can make your own by mixing the garden soil with sand, peat and mud, enriching everything with chopped bark. This mixture is able to absorb water without creating water stagnations which are very harmful to the roots of orchids.

How to multiply the dwarf orchid

The multiplication of the dwarf orchid is common to thepropagationthan any otherorchid. How to do? You can peel off the pseudobulbil that forms on the base of the pseudobulb. Basically you have to look at the roots at the base of yours mini orchid, identify a "radicle" with a sprout and plant it in a smaller pot, burying it for half its size in a specific substrate.

If the dwarf orchid does not bloom, you can read the instructions: how to make the orchid bloom.

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